Wednesday, August 15, 2012

Hand Polishing Aluminum Bicycle Parts to Mirror Finish


Go from the part above, to the part pictured below it, in about 30 minutes, no power tools necessary. I looked all over the web for more information about hand polishing aluminum parts, in this case, for a bicycle. I actually had a surprisingly hard time trying to find a good step by step. It probably has something to do with this instant gratification society. I want to know (in this order), What Will The End Result Look Like?, What Will I Need?, How Long Will This Take?, and then if I decide it's worth it, The Steps....with LOTS OF PICTURES! So for those with this impatient affliction, see above image. Worth it? Read on.
What You Will Need



- Varying Grits of Sandpaper (Depending on the condition of your original part, how much initial sanding is required.) I started with 400, 600, 2000, and 3000. 
- Mother's Mag & Aluminum Polish.
- Terry Cloth or Terry Application Pads
- Some paper towels and some water. I used a small bucket to sand over (wet sanding so there will be drips).

You can get all of these items at most automotive places like Pep Boys, or Autozone. I don't think the home improvement stores really carry sandpaper over 1000 grit or so (but they might?).

How Long Will This Take?

This is completely dependent on the size of the part you intend on polishing. A bicycle seat post took me about 30 minutes. You do not need any power tools, just the items listed above.

The Steps


So this all started when I picked up a Campagnolo seat post for a great price relative to what they typically sell for. The part was, however, in pretty rough shape. If only it could be revived...

*For those saying to themselves, "That before picture looks terrible, like one of those get in shape quick info-mercials, of course the after looks so much better..." In my defense, I forgot to take a before, and had already begun sanding the post. SO, I used the eBay seller's picture. This is why they look very different.

The condition of your part will determine the grit of sandpaper at which you should begin. Obviously you need to assess whether the part can afford to lose some material (through sanding) relative to the kinds of issues affecting it's finish. Deep scratches would require you to sand the whole part to the depth of the scratch to make it disappear entirely. Since many tolerances on bike parts are fractions of a millimeter, you likely can't afford to sand out really deep scratches but scratches add character right?


STEP 1. 

I started with 400 grit. You will be wet sanding (soaking the sandpaper in some water and sanding with the paper wet). I did this over a small bucket. You'll need to put some elbow grease into it. You want to sand as many of the scratches out of the metal as you can whilst being cognizant not too take too much material off. Beginning with 400 grit, you shouldn't worry, but starting with a more coarse, dry sandpaper, you can really get into the material quickly.


The sandpaper will leave a grey residue. You can use this to your advantage to see the scratches you want to sand through. See in the image above, the seat post was improperly, or rather violently removed from the bike leaving scathing lacerations in the lower part. These were too deep to sand through in my opinion.

STEP 2.  Once happy with the results of the first sanding, step to a finer grade sandpaper and thoroughly sand the part again. Some sites recommend sanding in a single direction and then sanding in the opposite direction with the next grade of sandpaper. I did some of this, but I didn't find it to be imperative to the success of the polishing. Just be sure to sand through what you had done with the previous grade of sandpaper.


Using 600 grit.

I stepped from 400, to 600, to 2000 (I skipped 1000 because I ran out and forgot to pick some up), and then finally, 3000 grit. 

STEP 3. At this point, the part should take on a smooth, semi-gloss sheen. Now you're ready to apply the Mother's. This stuff is magic!

Above you can see how my part looked as I progressed through the sandings. In the third image, the top part of the post is sanded to 3000 grit. The bottom has the mothers applied. Amazing! As per the directions, I just dabbed a very little bit on the Terry pad, and began scrubbing intently, until the material literally dried up and began to appear glossy and brilliant!

The seat post now has a beautiful mirror shine. As you can see, I did not sand down far enough to take the deepest scratches in the post out, because that might have caused issues with the seat post fitting securely in the seat tube of the bike.


Finished!


And mounted on the bike. Much nicer than before!

UPDATE



I picked up two stems at the LBS and applied the above polishing technique to just one of them. Initially, they both appeared identical, save for their size. Because these looked rougher than the seat post did, I started with 220 grit sandpaper. A more thorough sanding job would have yielded a nicer result but I was in the middle of conversing with the neighbor and an early afternoon beer!



Installed on the ol Bianchi (The previous stem was a bit too long). P.S., this bike still rides like a dream!


Resources


Another good visual tutorial...in Russian. Thanks Google Translate!! http://kickstarter.org/index.php?ind=reviews&op=entry_view&iden=27

60 comments:

  1. How fortunate I found this article. Very interesting and useful.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Just wanted to leave a note saying thanks for the article. I'm going through and building up a Centurion Comp TA, and had some parts that needed polishing but I had no idea how to do so. Your article helped me make them shine, and made the project all the more gorgeous.

    ReplyDelete
  3. I'm glad to hear it! Yeah it's funny with the web, how seemingly difficult it can be to find information given that we sometimes assume, everything is already out there, you know? I'm very glad that this post could be of assistance! Thanks for reading!

    ReplyDelete
  4. Hi there, I'm currently restoring a classic ross and there is a little bit of rust on some of the paint, any tips on how to remove this without affecting the paint too much? It has some really cool paintwork.

    ReplyDelete
  5. Gurlin-

    I assume you mean, the frame has some rust (which has already eaten through the paint) and you want to minimize the damage or potentially cover it up? In my understanding, the only way to truly remove the rust, once the metal has been compromised and is breaking down, would be to remove the compromised metal. Otherwise, if you just remove the visible oxidation, the metal can quickly begin breaking down further, and rust through any of your attempts to cover it up. So, if the rust isn't too deep or all the way through the frame, I would carefully sand that area, perhaps using something like a few layers of tape to try to mask the surrounding area frame being affected by the sandpaper. Once sanded, depending the size of the area, use touch up paint or something that is designed to seal metal against the elements. In my experience, nothing is as good as the first paint job, and the closest I have come is fully stripping the frame and having it re-powder coated or painted entirely again.

    ReplyDelete
  6. Wow thanks for the article. I am doing the same in a bicycle as well. Can you shed some light on how did you remove both handle bars (one really) from the stem? I can open my stem and the handle bars are loose but I can't slide it out...

    ReplyDelete
  7. I'm currently looking into this, too. Good work, although your results aren't satisfactory to me; it's not what I'd call mirror polish. No offence meant, just saying that items can be polished even more, like this one for example: http://www.ebay.co.uk/itm/380897862597?_trksid=p2055119.m1438.l2648&ssPageName=STRK%3AMEBIDX%3AIT

    I'm building up a Viscount with new powder coating, some NOS parts, and some original parts which need mirror-polishing. I've done it with a bench grinder and polishing compounds beforehand and the results are amazing. I just don't want to invest in a bench grinder & kit just yet, but may just get the compounds and try hand-polishing. Although the thought of having a bench grinder is rather tempting, too. :-)

    ReplyDelete
  8. Thanks for the tips,as for removing the handle bars from a stem,you have to gently turn the bars as you slide the stem along them

    ReplyDelete
  9. It helps a lot if you add grease to the inside of the stem and to the handlebar, especially to the part where it is curved. Cheers!

    ReplyDelete
  10. This is a very useful tip, and it’s very easy to do. Most people would just stick with their rusty and greasy materials, and some would rather buy new parts. People can save a lot of money by doing this. Thanks for sharing this with us, David. Have a great day!


    Bernice Parsons @ Badgeranodising

    ReplyDelete
  11. It is quite hard to remove rust and grease on rods, and I bet a lot of people have done tons of things to get rid of them. That being said, your post could be a lot of help to people who are trying to do so. Anyway, thanks for sharing this with us. All the best!


    Rosemary Bailey @ Wabi Iron & Steel Corp.

    ReplyDelete
  12. This is great! It looks like using the 2000 grit of sandpaper already gives the metal piece a great matt-like surface, but with the final coat of polish, the entire piece goes into a whole new level of shine. Thank you for sharing that trick with us, David. Have a nice day!


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    ReplyDelete
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